ICCC Awarded 10 Students for Their Publications

Written by Arfiana Khairunnisa on .

Indonesian Peatland Network (IPN) is an activity that was initiated by the Indonesia Climate Change Center (ICCC) and Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR). In order to increase the capacity of young Indonesian researchers, IPN provides the opportunity for Graduate Program Students (Master and PhD) to obtain fund assistance for journal publications with peatland-related topic.

Fund of 10 million rupiahs awarded to ten students who published in an accredited national journals and fund of 20 million rupiahs awarded to ten students who published in an accredited international journals.

ICCC Starts a Study on Sustainable Peatland Management

Written by Eli Nur Nirmala Sari on .

The Indonesia Climate Change Center (ICCC) through Peatland and Peatland Mapping Cluster, in coordination with peat scientists, universities, and related institutions start a study titled “Sustainable Peatland Management Across Sectors”. The result of this study will give a recommendation in sustainable peatland management across sectors including forestry, plantation, and agriculture.

Peat is a very delicate ecosystem; therefore we should be careful in implementing sustainable peatland management across sectors. If the management is not done properly, the peat will not be sustainable. Peatland management has environmental risks, because peat is easily degraded. There are various activities on peatland management, such as land cultivation and build canals for irrigation, can increase greenhouse gas emissions (GHG). Peatland degradation occurs when the peatland management is not done properly; as a result, increasing rate of decomposition. 

Dialogue on Peatland: “The Status and Challenges of Peatland Management in Indonesia”

Written by Arfiana Khairunnisa on .

Indonesia Climate Change Center (ICCC) and the National Council on Climate Change (NCCC/DNPI) with the support of U.S Embassy conducted a dialogue titled “The Status and Challenges of Peatland Management in Indonesia” in @america, 10 February 2014. On the occasion, U.S Ambassador to Indonesia, Robert O. Blake, and Executive Chair of DNPI, Rachmat Witoelar, delivered opening remarks. 

VIIRS Nightfire for Detection and Characterization of Combustion Source

Written by Arfiana Khairunnisa on .

(Infographic: raytheon.com)

The NOAA National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) has developed a system called Nightfire, which detects and characterizes sub-pixel combustion sources worldwide using nighttime data collected by the NASA-NOAA Suomi National Polar Partnership (NPP) Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS). It is the only satellite fire detection system which estimates temperature and source size for biomass burning, gas flares, and volcanoes worldwide on a daily basis.  

Christopher D. Elvidge, Ph.D., a Physical Scientist of NGDC, says that, “VIIRS is unique in the recording of near-infrared (NIR) and short-wave infrared (SWIR) data at night in spectral bands designed for daytime imaging. This includes the M7, M8, and M10 spectral bands. The initial detection of combustion sources is made in the VIIRS M10 band, in the short-wave infrared at 1.6 μm. At night the M10 spectral band records the background noise of the instrument, except for the few pixels which contain an infrared emitter, such as a gas flare, biomass burning, or hot lava. 

Greenhouse Gas Inventory for Emissions Mitigation on Peatland

Written by Eli Nur Nirmala Sari on .

Land degradation can increase carbon emissions. (Photo: Kevin Ryan/USFS)

Most areas of natural peat forest in Indonesia are converted into production forests, industrial forest plantations (HTI), palm oil plantations, and agriculture. These conversions are followed by manufacture of canals on peatland, which lead to absorption of carbon in peat is smaller than the released carbon. The minimum of carbon absorption is worsened by peat fires and drainage as the biggest greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions resources. 

The drainage is the result of peat forest that turns into agriculture, plantation, settlements, mining and infrastructure. Degradation is the decline of peat forest quality because of illegal logging, over cutting, shifting cultivation and encroachment. Deforestation and degradation of forests and peat lead to increase in emissions sources, while reforestation and other forest regeneration activity can increase carbon absorption. Thus GHG inventory activities on forest and peatland are very important to calculate the total emissions. By knowing the total emissions, then it can be determined the number of emissions reduction through the understanding on peat ecosystems.